How to Get Started with Vegetable Companion Planting

Walter S. Timmons

Some plants increase better with each other.

Companion planting is an historical apply exactly where two various plants, generally vegetables, are planted collectively to gain a single or both of them. Simply because of that, this straightforward gardening strategy will have you taking pleasure in a harvest you have only at any time dreamed of.

1 of the very best examples of companion planting is the Three Sisters method, according to the Master Gardners of San Diego County. Hundreds of years in the past, early American colonists observed Native Americans planting corn, pole beans and squash in the exact same plot. Contrarily, Europeans would ordinarily plant these a few plants in separate beds. Planting the three with each other not only conserved back garden place but also benefited just one another:

  • Corn provided support for the bean vines as they grew.
  • Beans, which have symbiotic germs on their roots, are “nitrogen fixers” and added this essential macronutrient back into the soil for the benefit of other crops, in particular the corn.
  • The squash leaves supplied shade and increased soil moisture retention whilst discouraging pests with their prickly leaves.

This biodiversity will help every single crop mature to its total potential. If you are hunting to find your plant a companion, really do not be concerned — you are not confined to these a few sisters.

Choosing which plants go jointly is no sweat at all. All it normally takes is a small investigation! Refer to this helpful companion planting chart for an in-depth seem at all the vegetation that you should really and shouldn’t plant together.

Marigolds and tomatoes make the finest neighbors when companion planting. (vandervelden/Getty Photos Signature)

Companion Planting Do’s

The most developed crops — tomatoes, corn, beans and squash — go great jointly.

Planting marigolds and tomatoes in shut proximity assists repel predatory bugs that like consuming tomatoes and spreading blight.

Squash and corn go great jointly because corn presents some required afternoon shade to the developing squash.

Beans and corn also make a fantastic pair mainly because the corn functions as a organic trellis for the beans — providing them a structured location to mature upward and climb!

Some crops really do not make great neighbors, so refer to this guidebook when picking which crops to pair. (Dcwcreations/Getty Photographs)

Companion Planting Don’ts

While planting specific vegetation jointly does support development, some vegetation are bullies in the direction of others — performing just like the horrible bugs, weeds and soil disease that are also seeking to damage your crops.

For illustration, planting garlic and onions close to beans is a big no-no. Equally take in nutrition from the soil that will stunt — and inevitably kill — the beans. View out for bullies like these!

Japanese beetle on a green leaf.
Some vegetation will attract the focus of pests, like this Japanese beetle, away from your prized generate. (PaulReevesPhotography/Getty Illustrations or photos)

Suggestions for Deterring Pests

Pam Zaklan, an Oregon Point out College Extension Assistance Learn Gardener, presents these tips to people who want to retain pests out of their companion planting backyard:

  • Use Four O’clock flowers to appeal to Japanese beetles out of roses.
  • Plant mustard to deter cabbage worms and harlequin bugs from cabbages, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts.
  • Garlic deters rabbits as nicely as tree borers, aphids, cabbage looper, codling moths, Japanese beetles, snails, carrot root flies, ants and cabbage maggots. What’s additional, it is specifically valuable when planted in the vicinity of, roses, cucumbers, peas, lettuce or celery.
  • Plant spearmint and peppermint to bring in bees and repel black flea beetles, ants, mosquitoes, white cabbage butterflies, aphids, and cabbage maggots. Do not plant mint in the vicinity of parsley. Plant mints in containers as they can easily get out of control.
  • For squash bugs, plant mint, chives, garlic, onion, tansy, radishes, nasturtiums, marigolds and bee balm in close proximity to and among the vines of winter season and summer season squash.

View this Yard Clever online video to understand about companion planting and just take your first actions into a wider environment of gardening.

The more you slide in really like with possessing a good backyard, the extra you understand how substantially you really do not know. Exmark’s Yard Smart responses the garden-and-backyard garden questions homeowners are hunting for.

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